Jan Mayen

The Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition to the Jan Mayen Island (1882-1883)

The expedition to the Jan Mayen Island (volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean) was the Austro-Hungarian contribution to the large-scaled international polar exploration project, known as the First International Polar Year (1881-1884). The FIPY was the first series of coordinated international expeditions to the Polar Region ever undertaken.
The Austro-Hungarian naval officer, Karl Weyprecht (1838-1881) initiated the endeavour. Whilst explorations in the nineteenth century were mostly guided by economic and imperialistic motives, Karl Weyprecht wished for a paradigm shift from adventurous national competitions for geographical discoveries to coordinated polar expeditions dedicated to scientific research. The expenses of the expedition were covered by Austrian aristocrats, particularly by Count Hans Wilczek (1837-1922) and by the Austro-Hungarian Navy.
The North Pole Expedition to Jan Mayen set off in April 1882 and stayed for one year at the island. Lieutenant Richard Basso was hired as photographer and was ordered to document the expedition extensively. The photographic equipment (cameras, tripods, darkroom equipment, etc.), listed meticulously in the invitatory list, weighed more than 250 kilos. Among others, the expedition members provided extensive mapping of the area, their maps being of such quality that they were used until the 1950’s.

select t. Datum, t.Anz from WS_T_THEMEN_SUBKLASSCOLLECTION t where t.CollectionID = :CollectionID and t.klassifikationid = :KlassifikationID and t.SUBKLASSIFIKATIONID = :SubKlassifikationID order by t.datum

1880 - 1884
46 Bilder

last update 23.08.2017