North Pole

The Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition (1872–1874)

In July 1872, the ship “Admiral Tegetthoff” under the guidance of Carl Weyprecht (1838-1881) and Julius Payer (1832-1915) and with a crew of 24 left Tromsø for the first Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition.
The expedition ran from 1872-1874 and was to find the so called north-eastern passage, a shipping lane from the North Pole to the Pacific Ocean. Also on board were one of the main financiers of the exhibition, Count Johann Nepomuk Wilczek (1837- 1922) and the photographer Wilhelm Burger, who was hired to extensively document the expedition. However, the main goal of the expedition failed, as the ship got locked in pack-ice north of Novaja Semlja. In October 1873, while the ship drifted in hitherto unknown polar regions, the expedition accidentally discovered an archipelago which was named Franz-Josef Land. Beside general geographical investigations and a cartographical record of the island, the explorers locally examined the flora and fauna and yielded various results in meteorology, astronomy geodesy and magnetism.
The expedition ended in 1874, when Carl Weyprecht decided to abandon the ice-locked ship. The crew had to fight their way back to Novaja Semlja by sledges and boats and was finally rescued by Russian whale hunt boats in August 1874. The explorers had to leave a main part of their findings and records behind – luckily some pieces, for examples the photographs of this impressing collection could be saved.

select t. Datum, t.Anz from WS_T_THEMEN_SUBKLASSCOLLECTION t where t.CollectionID = :CollectionID and t.klassifikationid = :KlassifikationID and t.SUBKLASSIFIKATIONID = :SubKlassifikationID order by t.datum

1870 - 1874
93 Bilder

last update 26.06.2019